The reason it is some-times winter and sometimes summer is that the Earth pins on a slightly tilted axis. You can see the red axis in the picture here (though really there is no axis to see; it’s a direction, not a real stick). In the winter, the North Pole is a little further from the Sun and so the sunlight hits the North Pole at more of an angle, and it has more of the Earth’s atmosphere to go through before it gets to the Earth. That lets the area around the North Pole get colder. In the summer, the North Pole is pointed more toward the Sun, and so the part of the Earth near the North Pole gets more direct sunlight, and becomes warmer. That’s the part with the pink guy on it – the United States and Canada and Europe. If you live in Australia, nearer to the South Pole, then you get more direct sunlight when the pink guy is further from the Sun, and his summer is your winter, and his winter is your summer.
This tilted axis is also the reason why there are more hours of daylight in the summer and fewer hours of daylight in the winter. In the winter, the closer you are to the North Pole, the shorter the days are. At the North Pole, it’s just dark all winter. In the summer, the closer you are to the North Pole, the longer the days are. At the North Pole, it is light all summer, with no nights at all.
You can track the changing seasons for yourself. Try writing down in a notebook every day what time it gets light out, or what time it gets dark, where you live. You should do it for at least a month to be able to see the time change. Graph the times on a line graph. Are the days getting longer or shorter? Why is that?
Here are some websites you can use for some fall fun.